Pygmy Goat Characteristics, Uses & Farming Information

The Pygmy goat is another miniature goat breed which was also originated from Africa, just like the Nigerian Dwarf goat. These goats were developed from the West African dwarf goat. The West African dwarf goats were a landrace of Central and West Africa and they were most commonly found in the Cameroon Valley.

The Pygmy goats were taken to Europe during the colonial era, primarily by the British. And later during the 1950s, a few hundred animals were exported to the United States from Europe. The animals were exported to the United States mainly for using in zoos, for their milk and also for lab research.

The Pygmy goats gained popularity quickly and were eventually acquired by the private breeders as exhibition animals and as pets. They became very popular mainly for their smaller size, good nature, great personalities, hardy constitution and friendliness.

Today, the Pygmy goats are found throughout the world. They are the most common goat breeds which are kept as pets. Read more information about this miniature goat breed below

Pygmy Goat Characteristics

The Pygmy goats are smaller sized animals with compact body. They appear in a wide variety of coloration. Actually, they can appear in almost all colors that occur in goats. But they can come only in seven breed standard colors in the United States. These seven colors can be categorized into agouti patterned, black patterned and caramel patterned (there are caramel with black markings, caramel with brown markings, brown agouti, grey agouti, black agouti, black with white markings, and solid black within these categories).

Body of of the mature Pygmy goats is covered with straight and medium-long hair. Density of the hair on their coat can vary with the seasons and climates. Compared to the body length of Pygmy goats, their head, neck and legs are relatively shorter. Both bucks and does are generally horned.
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Average body height of the mature Pygmy goat can vary from 16 to 23 inches at the withers. Average live body weight of the mature Pygmy bucks is between 27 and 39 kg. And on average, the mature doe's live body weight is between 24 and 34 kg.


Pygmy goats generally do very well in low quality feeding. But they generally do very well if provided with quality supplementary feeds. A combination of greens, hay and grains with essential minerals and vitamins will be good for their health, growth and overall body condition. Take extra care and provide additional feeds to the breeding bucks, pregnant and nursing does. And also provide them with enough clean and fresh water.


The Pygmy goats are good breeders, and they can generally breed throughout the year. Keeping the breeding bucks separated from the flock, and taking extra care of them will be good. A doe usually become ready for breeding within their 7-10 months of age, or even earlier in proper farm conditions. Multiple kids per kidding is common in Pygmy goats. However, you should keep records of the breeding program of your goats.


The Pygmy goats can be used for both meat and milk production. They are often used as pets. Learn more about raising Pygmy goats as pets.


The Pygmy goats are among the hardiest and highly productive domestic goat breeds. Despite their smaller size, they are suitable for commercial production. They are also good natured, friendly and alert animals. They are ecologically effective browsers, and do very well in extensive management system.

The Pygmy goats are capable of surviving in a wide variety of agroclimatic conditions. They are able to adapt themselves with almost all climates.

Take good care of your Pygmy goats, whether you raise them as pets or commercially for milk or meat production. Ensure good housing facilities for them, and good fencing is also mandatory for keeping your goats safe. Average lifespan of the Pygmy goat is between 8 and 18 years. Good luck!

Pygmy Goat Characteristics, Uses & Farming Information Pygmy Goat Characteristics, Uses & Farming Information Reviewed by Tanmay Roy on June 04, 2018 Rating: 5